0203 326 9160

0203 761 7026

0203 761 7027

0203 761 7029

0203 326 9160 0203 761 7026 0203 761 7027 0203 761 7029
Dr Dina Gazizova

Author: Dr Dina GazizovaConsultant Adult Psychiatrist

The UK still recognises several subtypes of autism which are seen across a ‘spectrum’ – characteristics of the types vary in the severity and impact they have on the individual’s life.


Autistic people who may display some of the most severe symptoms and are likely to have received a diagnosis in childhood.

Their symptoms may include:

  • Problems talking and conversing
  • Sometimes very little speech or speaking with wooden tone
  • Repetitive body motions such as flapping, rocking and tapping
  • Unable to make eye contact
  • Routines and repetitive tasks are often very comforting
  • Preference for solitude or intense focus on inanimate objects

70% of autistic adults would feel less isolated if they had more support

Asperger’s Syndrome

In America, ‘Asperger’s’ is no longer a separate classification, a decision made both to simplify the classification of Autism and because of the recognition that the symptoms of autism are often not clearly defined across the spectrum and there is much overlap.

The UK still uses the separate classifications, but as the manual used in the UK (ICD-10) is often led by America’s DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) we may see changes to the terminology at some stage.

Asperger’s symptoms

Often people diagnosed with Asperger’s have milder or different autism symptoms and normal or above normal intelligence. People with Asperger’s typically did not have language delays as a child or intellectual disabilities but may have struggled with co-ordination and fine motor skills.


The triad of impairments are very commonly experienced by those with Asperger’s. Signs of Autism commonly experienced by those with Asperger’s syndrome include:

  • Difficulties with social norms such as personal space
  • Seeming isolated and disinterested with others
  • Finding change upsetting
  • Finding it hard to control anger
  • Obsessive and profound interest is certain topics or objects
  • Not picking up on social clues
  • Taking things literally


Compassionate, highly professional and considerable expertise – my condition was fully explained to me and finally I feel I have a clear way forward. Getting an assessment for ASD was the best thing I have ever done.

Helen, Bristol

Pervasive Developmental Disorder

People with PDD (NOS) often experience more severe symptoms than those with Asperger’s.

The term PDD (NOS) is often used for those people who have some, but not all, of the symptoms of autism or Asperger’s, for instance difficulties with social communication and interaction but no obsessive interests.

A diagnosis of Autism can make a huge difference to someone, suddenly they have a way of defining the difficulties they have experienced throughout their life. The diagnosis of Autism can help to explain to others the need for support and the form it should take. As many with Autism also struggle with other mental health conditions, an assessment with a psychiatrist who has experience of working with those with Autism can be really important.
Dr Dina Gazizova

Consultant Adult Psychiatrist

Dr Dina Gazizova is a specialist in the Psychiatry of Learning Disability; she currently works as a consultant psychiatrist for Central North West London NHS Foundation Trust in a specialist Learning Disability Service.

You don't need a GP referral to see an expert

Private psychiatry, psychology and psychotherapy for adults and children, face-to-face and online nationwide.

Call us today: 0203 326 9160 0203 761 7026 0203 761 7027 0203 326 9160 0203 761 7026 0203 761 7027

No Internet Connection