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Types of Antidepressants:


SSRI’s - Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
These are the most prescribed type antidepressant, have less side effects than others and are less risky in case of an overdose.

Side effects – nausea, sickness, problems with sexual functioning can be side effects in the first few weeks.


SNRI’s – Serotonin and noreadrenaline reuptake inhibitors

These were initially designed to be more effective than SSRI’s at treating depression, although there is very little research to show this is so. They do offer an effective alternative to SSRI’s where SSRI’s are not effective.

Side effects – nausea, sickness, problems with sexual functioning can be side effects in the first few weeks.


NASSA’s – Noreadrenaline and specific serotoninergic antidepressants

These work by blocking receptors that absorb the neurotransmitters.

Side effects – there are often fewer side effects with NASSA’s but they can act as a sedative and cause weight gain.


Tricyclics - This type of antidepressant is not prescribed as much as SSRI’s / SNRI’s because it can have worse side effects and there are more risks if an overdose is taken. However it can be very effective for treating severe depression that has not responded to other treatments and can also be used to treat obsessive compulsive disorder or bipolar affective disorder.

Side effects – dry mouth, constipation, tremors, sleepiness, increased appetite, issues with sexual functioning


MAOI’s – Monoamine oxidase inhibitors These antidepressants are rarely prescribed because there are severe dietary restrictions imposed. Consuming cheese, red wine, yeast and some meat can all result in dangerous increases in blood pressures.


Common names of antidepressants:

SSRI’s Fluoxetine
Paroxetine Sertraline
Seroxat Lustral
SNRI’s Duloxetine Venlafaxine Cymbalta / Lentreve Efexor
NASSA’s Mirtazapine Zispin
Tricyclics Amitriptyline Imipramine Tryptizol Tofranil
MAOI’s Phenelzine Tranylcypramine Nardil Parmate

It can take a few attempts to find the right antidepressant. If you are struggling to find the right one for you then we can help. To talk to someone today about how we can help please call 0203 326 9160.

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