I often see patients whose ADHD has been misdiagnosed as Bipolar or a personality disorder because these symptoms are similar. When these patients start on the right treatment plan, I have witnessed a quite dramatic improvement in many.
Dr Pablo Jeczmien MD
The effects of ADHD can be far reaching and impact on many aspects of an individual’s life. It may be hard for someone with ADHD / ADD to have stable, lasting relationships or to progress at work, to manage their finances well and to feel on top of everyday mundane tasks. There is also an increased risk of criminality or substance abuse in adults with ADHD.
Problems of concentration are common in adult ADHD and are exacerbated as the pressures of life increase and more demands are made on the individual to remain calm, organised and focused.
Invariably, there is a tipping point where the level of the complexity and demands of life cannot be overcome by the adaptive coping strategies and natural intelligence levels. Difficulties can arise as those with adult ADHD try to manage life and their difficulties concentrating, possibly leading to the development of anxiety and depressive symptoms.
The ADHD symptom of hyperactivity that is often seen in children, can be experienced differently in adults. In adults, hyperactivity is often more internalised – resulting in a strong sense of dissatisfaction and restlessness. Again, this can add to feelings of worthlessness, unhappiness and low mood – which if not understand, can result in depression developing.
The following are some of the most common symptoms of ADHD / ADD explained.
Difficulties with concentration:
Becoming absorbed in tasks that are stimulating to the point of all else being ignored
I have struggled with mood swings for over 20 years and have been given many diagnoses including bipolar. This is the first time I have had a comprehensive assessment – Dr Jeczmien was able to give me a diagnosis of ADHD and recommended treatment which has made a dramatic change in my life. I now have the ability to function according to my true capacity and ability.
ADHD / ADD in adults can commonly be accompanied by other conditions, such as depression and anxiety. It’s thought that there are both biological and environmental reasons for this.
For instance, it may be that people with ADHD also have a natural susceptibility to other conditions, such as Generalised Anxiety Disorders and Bipolar Disorders. It may also be that the symptoms of ADHD, such as difficulties with concentration, difficulties at work and in relationships, can cause or exacerbate feelings of anxiety and depression.
Alcohol and drug use can be high in those who have ADHD – these substances can be used as coping mechanisms or ‘self-medication’. Unfortunately, using drugs and alcohol can make the symptoms of ADHD worse.